On April 5, 1951, Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were convicted of leaking secret information about the atom bomb to the Russians. Both Rosenbergs were given the death sentence.
Mrs. Rosenberg's brother, David Greenglass, had testified against the pair. He was given 15 years in jail for being a part of the conspiracy.
After the Rosenberg's appeal to the Supreme Court failed, they were put to death on June 19, 1953. The Communist aggression in Korea, with more than 50,000 American casualties, was blamed on the Rosenberg's actions by Judge Irving R. Kaufman of the U.S. District Court in New York City.
Both Rosenbergs were members of the Young Communist League USA, which is where they met.
Their convictions became part of the fuel for the Red Scare, which was a fear of the United States becoming infiltrated and thus taken over by the Soviets. Senator Joseph McCarthy became the figurehead for the persecution of those he suspected of being members of the Communist party or of aiding the Soviets in any way. Because of McCarthy's influence in the Red Scare, it also became known as McCarthyism.
Lower down on the same page, is the article "300 N.Y. Teachers Linked to Reds", a story about 300 New York City school teachers who were allegedly organized into a Communist party underground.
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